The development of the corridor for the Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal (sub-regional) Motor Vehicle Agreement is rooted in the formation of the South Asian Growth Quadrangle (SAGQ), a collective organization established by the four South Asian nations. To meet its goal, SAGQ was tasked with improving cross-border connectivity, boosting trade among member countries, and strengthening sub-regional economic integration. The strategic location of North East India implies that the sub-regional corridor will significantly impact the development of the region. over the past 20 years, despite dedicated programs and attempts from multiple stakeholders within the SAGQ to promote development within sub-regional, not enough has happened to facilitate regional trade, transport, and the movement of goods and people across the region. Consider the existing state of aﬀairs: intraregional trade among South Asian countries accounted for only 5 percent of their trade in 2015. This low level of regional integration in South Asia is manifested in poor intraregional investment. Higher levels of integration to ensure smooth access to regional and international markets is even more important for smaller, less developed, and landlocked nations such as Nepal and Bhutan.
Keywords: Trade, South Asia, Sub-Regional Trade Corridor.
PROSPECT AND SO FAR DEVELOPMENT OF BBIN CONNECTIVITY
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal, BBIN countries have signed a sub-regional Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) for smoothing easy cargo movement across their borders on June 15, 2015. It is likely to reduce trade transaction costs meaningfully and may be an operative tool to realise their trade and investment potentiality. In the attempt, it will create new economic opportunities, mainly in border areas and, through their joint effect will help to promote workable and inclusive development through engagement group and increase in purchasing power. The BBIN MVA has put in space a respectable structure for smoothing transit and transport within four nations of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal. It has properly capitalized on the present political thump for sub-regional addition and rapidly placed on the table a framework that can provide a much-awaited push towards economic integration for the sub-region. This paper talked about how BBIN MVA Connectivity comes to the existence and history of this Sub-regional cooperation. Secondly, objective and purpose of signing BBIN sub-regional MVA agreement. Thirdly, what is the issues have been discussed and finally, the prospect and so far development of BBIN subregional cooperation.
Keywords: BBIN Connectivity, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal.
DR. MOHAMMAD JASIM UDDIN
Professor, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology
DR. LAILA ASHRAFUN
Professor, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology
TANIA JANNATUL KUBRA
Graduated in Sociology, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology
PATIENT SATISFACTION WITH DOCTORS’ CARE IN BANGLADESH: A CASE OF GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL
Patient satisfaction with health care services is viewed as an important factor in explaining patients’ perceptions of quality health care. It is becoming increasingly important for determining the success of health care service and institutional survival, let alone prosperity. Although research on patient satisfaction regarding health care has become standard in many developed or developing country, in countries such as Bangladesh the importance of patient’s perspectives in assessing quality of health care is still relatively ignored. The aim of the present study is to assess patient satisfaction with doctors’ services at a government hospital in Bangladesh. Suitable Patients’ Satisfaction Indicators (PSI) in relation to doctors’ services within the hospital were developed from the existing literature related with quality studies. A survey was carried out and 104 responses were collected from the inpatients receiving medical treatment for gynaecology and obstetrics, and respiratory diseases at a divisional government medical college hospital in Bangladesh. The principal component analysis was performed to identify the key items affecting patient satisfaction levels with respect to doctors’ services. The result of the principal component analysis shows that there is a single factor (‘Doctors listen carefully to patients’ problems’) in the initial solution has eigenvalues greater than 1. It is accounted for almost 61% of the variability in the original variables.
Keywords: Patıent Satısfactıon, Doctors’ Care, Bangladesh, Government Hospıtal.
MD. KHURSHED ALAM Research and Policy Division, Transparency International Bangladesh.
ACADEMIC DISHONESTY OF THE STUDENTS: A STUDY ON A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY OF BANGLADESH
This article focuses on academic dishonesty among the students of a public university of Bangladesh. The objective of this research is to explore the frequency, reasons, and perceptions about academic dishonesty. Both qualitative and quantitative tools are applied for data collection. For questionnaire survey sample size is 63. Respondents are current students and selected based on the random sampling method. Key informant interviews and In-depth interviews are used for qualitative data collection. Findings reveal that during examinations unauthorized facilitation is the most frequent. In assignments copy and paste from internet sources, use others’ works without citation, and reproduce from others’ assignments are frequent. In group presentations absence of group work is frequent. The acts, students do frequently, are perceived as less severe dishonesty. Lack of preparation is the main cause of dishonesty among the students. Moral development, be regular and attentive in the study, take preparation properly are the expected roles from the students to stop academic dishonesty. Responsibility and proactivity, counselling and motivation, ensure the proper environment in the examination hall, ensure punishment, and ensure equal justice are the expected roles from teachers. Proper dissemination of university rules, participatory teaching method, creative questioning, action and fieldwork-based assignments, course on ethics in education, and development of teacher-teacher collaboration are suggested by the faculty members to control academic dishonesty. Finally, a complete ‘Code of Academic Integrity’ is suggested to control academic dishonesty.