One of the major problems of Indian society is the inferior position accorded to women. They do not enjoy equal status and their condition is far from satisfactory. In this article, we have tried to cover the condition, status and position of women in a different period, viz. Ancient, Medieval, British and Present Time. Any assessment of the status of women has to start with the social framework, social structures, cultural norms and value systems that influence social expectations regarding the behaviour of both men and women and determine women’s roles and their position in society. A society is composed of many institutions and most important of them are the system of decent, family and kinship, marriage and religious traditions. They provide the ideology and moral basis for men and women about their rights and duties and their status and role.
Keywords: Socio-Economic & Political Status, Women, India.
LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN BANGLADESH: A CRITICAL STUDY OF SOME SELECTED UNION PARISHADS IN BANGLADESH
MD. RASHIDUL ISLAM SHEIKH Assistant Professor, Comilla University
Government and its functions may be classified into National, Provincial of State and Local. The administration of a locality or small community such as village, town or a city, by the body representing the local inhabitants, possessing a fairly large amount of autonomy, raising a part at least of its revenue through local taxation and spending the proceeds on services, is called Local Self-Government. The democratization of government management is a key prerequisite for local self-government development. The de-monopolization of ownership encourages multi-structure economy. The existence of sustainable and efficient government authorities is needed to create appropriate business conditions, covering a broad range of aspects: favorable rules of play, safeguarding of ownership rights, etc. Moreover, the sustainable economic development is possible only provided that the rules of play are adjusted to managers with average capabilities.
Keywords: Local Self-Government, Bangladesh, Union Parishads.
A journalist is a person who involves in activities such as writing/ reporting for newspapers, magazines or on news websites in order to be published/ broadcasted. The journalists have the social responsibility i.e. objective reporting. Media is the "Fourth Estate" and journalists are the watch dogs of the society. In order to carry out the healthy practice of journalism the journalists need to be free and the circumstances need to be safe. Journalist safety is the most important aspect of press freedom. The other question that arises time and again is about the representation of women in Media. Even the concept of gender inequality might have changed over the course of time and the representation of women is still minimal. Women have not gained parity with men in terms of participation and decision making.
Keywords: Women, Media, Nepal.
CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS AND ADAPTATION PROGRAM THROUGH COLLECTIVE EFFORT IN SOUTH ASIA
Climate Change has major challenges for the present global phenomenon. Wide spreading this idea produce sense for the global community as well as South Asian Countries. South Asia is a reign which occupies only 5 percentage of world landmass. But More than 1.7 billion populations live in this region. That’s the 20 percent of total world population rise expected 25 percent by 2025. Over the years, South Asian countries strongly face climaterelated hazard including cyclone, droughts, flood, extreme temperature growth, storm surges and others Climate-related issues. Climate does not follow such nationalistic rule. Therefore, combined eﬀorts are essential to protect such disasters. Regional arrangements or collective effort may face climate change challenges. Though The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) has taken some initiatives, more concrete and coordinated actions are necessary to face the calamities of climate change. This paper will examines initiatives of South Asian Countries on climate change issue and tries to recommend what further steps they can adopt in this regard.
Keywords: Climate Change, Adaptation, Collective Effort, South Asia.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL STATUS OF WOMEN: UNDERSTANDING THE INDIAN CONTEXT
Foreign Policy is usually viewed as an extension of domestic policy. Foreign policy refers to the policy of a sovereign state to achieve its desired goals to the foreign countries. The foreign policy of Bangladesh, like that of any other state is also primarily a projection of the country's socio-economic and political compulsions in international politics. The Foreign Policy of Bangladesh emanates from the following provisions of the Bangladesh Constitution. These provisions are stated in Article 25 of the Constitution. 1.The State shall base its international relations on the principles of respect for national sovereignty and equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, peaceful settlements of international disputes, and respect for international law and the principles enunciated in the United Nations Charter. 2. The state shall endeavor to consolidate, preserve and strengthen fraternal relations among Muslim countries based on Islamic solidarity.
Keywords: Foreign Policy, Bangladesh, South Asia, SAARC.