Urbanization is a population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change. Bangladesh is moving towards more and more urbanization. Bangladesh, with a rich cultural heritage and unique resource potentiality, is passing through a transition phase where the ultimate goal is to achieve urbanization, i.e., a particular way of life. Demographic changes leading to the increase in number of million cities is responsible for significant changes in sociocultural setup of the country. All such changes affect on the environment, both- rural and urban. The paper shows how continuous urbanization has changed the cultural values and the regional environment of the country.
This study consists of two theoretical approaches on the policy options regarding the link between entrepreneurship, resource utilization and food security in the haor-basin areas. The first one deals with a Cobb-Douglas technology to investigate the relationship between entrepreneurship and food security. In particular, we suggest that, while more entrepreneurship could mean more productivity in the production sectors, productivity growth in turn could affect the individual arbitrage between different haor’s occupations (including entrepreneurship) and expected payoffs. The second question is concerned with the types of haor resource management to which the individuals or local communities direct their talents. We distinguish between community management and government management on the efficient utilization of haor resources. The impact on household food security and resource utilization can be assessed in static and dynamic frameworks.
Worldwide concern is increasing gradually about corporate social responsibility (CSR). Now, the banking sector in Bangladesh has a glorious history of getting involved themselves in diverse kinds of social events which are officially known as CSR. This paper provides an impression of CSR in Janata Bank Limited (JBL). The paper has been based on secondary data gathered from the annual reports of the JBL for the some years. The bank adds definitely in supporting education & research, poverty reduction & rehabilitation, health & treatment, combat against natural calamity, preservation of history, tradition, culture and sports, preservation of the environment, the expansion of technology etc. The bank meets the required legislation necessities linked to CSR. The findings of the study reveal that CSR events of JBL are limited in certain areas. It will be of great assessment for practitioners and researchers pursuing to increase a better understanding of CSR reporting in various social-systems based theoretical aspects.
The importance of empirical research is well recognized and the method is used in almost all sociological research. Researchers often reiterate that in order to prove or disprove a concept or hypothesis scientifically, empirical research is an absolute necessity. This general notion in itself may be regarded as oversimplification, and there may be a need to re-examine and address the whole process of empirical research so that errors can be avoided. In Bangladesh perspective, the problems of reaching a conclusive and acceptable result by this method are often corroborated by many external and internal factors. The paper explores what these factors are and how they could be overcome.
Keywords: Social Research, Survey Techniques, Empirical Survey, Local Institutions, International Organisations.
South Asian Studies, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India.
INDIA’S CONCERN AND POLICY OVER CHINA-BANGLADESH RELATIONS
ABSTRACT By the help and complete support of India, East Pakistan became Bangladesh 1971. The birth history of Bangladesh is very much connected with India. There were so many treaties between these two neighbouring nation. We may say that good relation at the maximum stage. Since 1971, India was the number one trading partner of Bangladesh. However, China’s trade with Bangladesh has increased diverse in current years to exceed India from 2001 onwards. This relation with China has established by late president Ziaur Rahman after the assassination of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. And it comes in a bigger picture from 1991-1996. At that time the government of Bangladesh has taken the look east policy by the leadership of Prime minister Begum Khaleda Zia. After 1996, the first regime of Prime minister Sheikh Hasina shifted from look east policy to strengthen friendship with India. In between policy changes happened for regime-changing in the time of BNP-Jamaat Government from 2001 to 2006. But the major changes took place in a recent year. The Awami League government is giving more importance to have strong economic and political relations with China from 2011. This article inspects the numerous influences that have donated to China’s increasing presence in Bangladesh as compared to India’s decline with related to trade and investment. India has noticeably lost out to China in many important industries. While studying and evaluating recent developments, the study also presents a strategy to counter India’s declining economic influence in Bangladesh.
Keywords: India, Polıcy, Chına-Bangladesh Relatıons, Foreign Policy, Development.